This section lists nine subwoofers built over several years. They were all designed using WinISD,
which allowed different drivers and port arrangements to be explored.
See the WinISD page for more information on obtaining and using WinISD.
Optional content - explanation of graphs and screenshots
Each project page generally includes the following graphs and screenshots....
The SPL graphs give a fairly good indication of what would be measured in-room at one metre
The WinISD values are for radiation into "Half space". In reality, most subs will be located near a wall (add 3dB) or in a corner (add 6dB). Room gain can add around 6dB@10hz, 4dB@20hz and 2dB@40hz.
These gains are more or less canceled by the fact that the typical signal fed to the sub will be a complex waveform rather than a sine wave which results in up to 12dB less output.
Keeping an eye on airspeed when designing is most important because if the air is too fast, turbulence will be audible.
Using a larger diameter port will cut the speed, but the length increases with the area of the port.
Opinions vary as to an acceptable maximum for velocity. WinISD recommends 17 metres/sec, but I found that I could still hear some turbulence on the peaks when using unflared ports. Dropping the speed to 10m/s fixed the problem. The degree of flaring on the end of the ports can have an influence on noise. I finish the ports in the "Snorky" and "Slim Jim" projects with a 10mm radius rollover bit in the router and stay with a 10m/s limit. I've recently completed some flare testing where some diy flares of different sizes were measured to find how much the speed can be lifted before turbulence becomes audible. The "EBS-Snorky design" incorporates flared ports based on these results. Redesigned flares were also retrofitted to the "Buddy subs"
With a ported design, cone excursion below the working range of the port can become a problem.
This will be audible and ultimately destructive to the speaker.
See the Active High-Pass filter page for some insurance against such a disater. Includes circuit and construction details.
All designs keep excursion to Xmax + 10%
The flare testing mentioned above, culminated in the writing of the
Flare-it calculator. Each project has a screenshot showing how well the port flares perform.
In most cases this analysis has been done after the sub has been built.
Where "chuffing" is predicted, a second screenshot shows what sized flares would be required to fix the problem
The grey line shows the predicted port velocities.
The blue line shows the velocities you can use before boundary layer turbulence occurs (ie chuffing).
The red line shows the velocities you can use before core turbulence and compression occurs.
About the same size and shape as a beer fridge, it worked well enough for a first effort at DIY. I was enthusiastic at the time, but looking back I see it was just a box with a hole and no soul, much better was to come!
- 80W Single 10" driver
- 105dB Peak SPL
With this one, I started to become a bit more adventurous with the presentation. I came to see that a ported sub needs to breathe. Of course large diameter ports mean really long ports which don't like to fit inside your box anymore. I think that DIY subs should be something to be admired - after all we spend a lot of hours building them. This one is made for looking at as well as listening to, with external ports wrapped around the side and veneered.
- Much better finish and smaller
- 125W Single 10" driver
- 106dB Peak SPL
So called because the twin chamber, dual ports looked a bit like one. My third subwoofer gives plenty of grunt down to 25hz. With this one I decided to dispense with the veneering and make the most of the MDF. With three coats of polyurethane it acquires a honey colour which can be quite attractive. Includes construction gallery and graph of measured response along with a comparison with commercially available THX rated subs
- This is more like it!
- Louder and bigger
- 240W Dual 10" drivers
- 113dB Peak SPL
The name arises from the internal ports, which are folded into a snorkel shape. This is basically a "Beer Fridge" clone in terms of output, but smaller, with a better build and finish, and no port noise complaints
- Better finish
- More compact
- 80W 10" driver
- 105dB Peak SPL
A pair of "Buddy" subs which run in parallel with the "Blast Furnace" This gives extension to 17hz without loss of Peak output
- 10" driver
- Port tune 19hz
- 110 litre
- Allows the full 350w to be extracted from the Jaycar amp
Limited space dictated a slim design for this one. The internals of the original "Beer Fridge" were recycled to come up with "Slim Jim"
- Side firing ports
- 80W Single 10" driver
- 105dB Peak SPL
A chance came to try an EBS design (Extended Bass Shelf). This sub uses the same amp and driver as the "Snorky" design, and has a pair of 20mm heat molded flares which are fitted with donut rings on the intakes
- 80w single 10" driver
- Tuning frequency 26hz
- 100 litre
- Extension to 24hz
- 105dB peak SPL
The loudest creation is an Infinite Baffle sub. It contains twelve 15inch drivers on two manifolds. The design is the IB12 investigated on the 15inch Venom driver page
- 12 drivers
- Behringer EP2500 amp
- 670w normal Duty
- 1700w at Xlim
- 118dB @ 20hz (normal duty)
Currently undergoing testing is a parallel tuned 6th-order bandpass sub
- 18 inch IXL-18.2.2 driver
- 200 litre / 25hz plus 60 litrs / 53hz
- Three 6-inch ports
- Design power 1000w (de-rated to 600w without a highpass filter)
- 122dB from 30hz to 60hz (de-rated to 120dB without a highpass filter)
- -3dB point 26hz to 73hz
SPL vs Frequency for all subs